Lazesoft Recovery Suite V4.2 has been released

After almost two years development and one year Beta testing, the Lazesoft Recovery Suite V4.2 RC has been released.

Recovery Suite 4.2 Home Screen shot

Recovery Suite 4.2 Home Screen shot

Lazesoft Recovery Suite V4.2 Beta was posting online on March 19, 2016. As the drive image file has been changed to support the incremental image backup and differential image backup, we used one year to do the beta testing and make sure the modified drive image file format is stable.

During the Beta testing, we got many feedbacks and suggestions from your best users and customers. With their helps and the efforts of our RD team, several bugs have been fixed and the quality of the product has been improved. Thank you, our best users and customers.

Because of the free upgrades of Windows 10 in last year, there is more than 25% Market Share on the desktop operating system market. As the requests of more and more users, we added the options to create the Windows 10 32bit or 64bit PE boot disk.

Microsoft Windows Disk Management console has limitation to create FAT32 volume larger than 32GB. Nowadays, 64GB and 128GB USB flash disk, memory card are more and more common to be seen. For the large volume on the USB or external disk, Microsoft recommends use the EXFAT file system. To support the data recovery on these drives, EXFAT file system data recovery is added on the data recovery module of the Lazesoft Recovery Suite.

A lots of customers reports they need to recover the Windows product to reinstall the Windows, but the hard disk is crashed. The Windows product key cannot be read from the Windows registry file. To solve this problem, we added the ability to read the Windows product key from the BIOS even the hard disk and Windows operating system is crashed.

4K and 5K monitor has been produced and used by desktop users. But, for some notebooks, the screen resolution still can be 1280×800. It is a big challenge to support variety of screen resolutions on the WinPE boot disk. So, the option to set screen resolution in the boot disk is developed.

New features, Fixed Issues and Improvements for version Lazesoft Recovery Suite V4.2:

Create a Windows 10 32bit or 64bit PE boot disk

Recover data from the EXFAT file system

Recover Windows 8/8.1/10 OEM product key from BIOS even the Windows boot volume is crashed

Add Network Interface Card Drivers in the boot disk

Support Incremental image backup

Options to set screen resolution in the boot disk

Options to encrypt the backup image with different options

Command line interface (only for the paid versions)

Minor bug fixes

Lazesoft Wiping Disk/Drives Algorithms

Wiping Algorithms of Lazesoft Recovery Suite

How does wiping perform


“Deletion is not secure. When a file is deleted, only the file name and file entry is marked deleted. This mark tells the system the file has been deleted and the space is free’. In fact the data of the file remains on the disk. It may remain on the hard drive until the ‘free space’ is overwritten. Formatting is also not secure. When a partition is formatted, only the file file allocation table, bitmap, boot sectors, and some file system reserved area are overwritten. The file directory table and file data maybe still remains on the disk. The files deleted or in the formatted partition can be recovered by data recovery software.” This is the reason, why the Wipe feature is required.

About the wipe algorithms

All the wipe algorithms performs the overwriting of all the sectors in the selected partition or disk, including the data area and free space.



There are several algorithms to wipe:
“Erases with one-pass zeros” – all the sectors are overwritten once with “0”;
“Erases with one-pass random characters” – all the sectors are overwritten once with random characters;
“DOD 3 passes” – all the sectors are overwritten with 0’s, then 1’s and then once with random characters.



Lazesoft Recovery Suite V4.1 has been Released

Lazesoft Recovery Suite, version 4.1 has been released! It has many new features, including the ability to install Windows 10 on your external USB disk. In addition, a Lazesoft BCD Doctor option and a Lazesoft boot disk start menu have been added.


As you know, Windows 10 will be released this month. If you are still deciding whether to upgrade to the new version, Lazesoft can help. There are so many conflicting suggestions and articles about Windows 10, and, maybe you are one of the millions confused by the information overload.


We think that the best suggestion for you is safely and temporarily trying Windows 10 on a USB disk before you upgrade it on your internal hard disk. To help you out, our new version of the Lazesoft Recovery Suite has added a helpful new function, ‘Install Windows 8/8.1/10 on USB disk’, which can help you to decide if you really want to adopt the new Windows version.


“After installing Windows 10 on USB disk, you will have a portable and full functioning Windows 10 on your USB hard disk without any changes to your data, applications or settings for your internal hard disk” said by Rex Deamon, the Product Manager for the new and improved Lazesoft Recovery Suite.


The Lazesoft Team is always trying to provide solutions for protecting and repairing user’s computers’ data and boot system. The newest function in Lazesoft Recovery Suite v4.1, is the Lazesoft BCD Doctor, for managing and repairing the BCD store/file, an important and complex component of the Windows boot manager. The BCD file is vital for Windows Vista, 7, 8, 8.1 and 10 boot processes. Problems with the BCD file can cause Windows to become unbootable. Lazesoft BCD Doctor, in Lazesoft Recovery Suite, provides the Fix/Rebuild function capable of fixing any BCD file errors in one click, even if Windows does not boot normally or has crashed. Lazesoft BCD Doctor has many easy-to-use and helpful functions, such as, adding or deleting the BCD Menu, or editing the BCD Menu.


Lazesoft Recovery Suite is the premier all-in-one recovery package, offering many useful tools. These useful functions are found in different modules of Lazesoft Recovery Suite, including Data Recovery, Password Recovery as well as Disk Image & Clone. To help users to quickly access the useful tools on the Lazesoft boot disk, a Start Menu has been added to the v4.1 version. Using the Start Menu on the Lazesoft boot disk, users can quickly launch handy tools, such as File Manager, Registry Editor and Network Setting.

To decrease the backup drive image file size and improve backup speed, the new version of Lazesoft Recovery Suite excludes/does not process the pagefile.sys, hiberfil.sys or swapfile.sys files when backing up a system disk/volume to a file.


The new version v4.1 Lazesoft Recovery Suite supports recovering/finding the Windows 8/8.1 OEM product key from both the Windows registry files and BIOS. Users can recover or extract the Windows 8/8.1 OEM product key from BIOS, even if the Windows partition or disk is formatted or wiped.


In the new version of Lazesoft Recovery Suite, you will discover that many great features have been added and improved. The new features of Lazesoft Recovery Suite 4.1 include:



Lazesoft Recovery Suite Home Edition Beta

You are welcome to test Lazesoft Recovery Suite Home Edition and enjoy its new powerful features.


Current version: 4.2.1 Beta


The beta version may contain some bugs and performance issues. Your suggestions and feedback are always valuable for us.

New features, Fixed Issues and Improvements for version 4.2.1 beta:

Create a Windows 10 32bit or 64bit PE boot disk

Recover data from the EXFAT file system

Recover Windows 8/8.1/10 OEM product key from BIOS even the Windows boot volume is crashed

Add Network Interface Card Drivers in the boot disk

Support Incremental image backup

Options to set screen resolution in the boot disk

Options to encrypt the backup image with different options

Minor bug fixes


Download Lazesoft Recovery Suite Home Edition Beta version.

Download Lazesoft Recovery Suite Professional Edition Beta version.

Download Lazesoft Recovery Suite Server Edition Beta version.

Download Lazesoft Recovery Suite Unlimited Edition Beta version.

Install Windows 8/8.1/10 on USB disk

Upgrade to Windows 10, or no?

Try Windows 10 on your USB hard disk using the method in the video without worrying about the current Windows system installed on the internal hard disk.
Microsoft has finally announced “Windows 10 Will Be Released July 29th 2015 as a free upgrade for users of Windows 7 or later”. You are probably eager to upgrade to Windows 10, but may be worried about upgrading, and overwriting your current Windows version.
Using the function, “Install Windows 7/8/10 on USB disk”, in “Lazesoft Recovery Suite”, you can install Windows 10 on a USB hard disk without affecting your current computer set up. With our new program version, you do not need to worry about any possible effects on your current Windows installation or the data on your internal hard disk.
This video shows how to try Windows 10 safely using new version of “Lazesoft Recovery Suite”.
Windows versions are becoming more and more portable. A true, portable, Windows version must support execution from a USB hard disk, as well as use a product key that is not located on the motherboard of the computer.
The older Windows XP cannot run after the motherboard is upgraded. It crashes when an attempt is made to boot from a USB disk. Windows 7 can support being natively boot from a VHD disk, and its boot volume can be located on a USB hard disk. But, the system volume, itself, must be found on an internal hard disk.
After an upgrade to the motherboard, Windows 7 can still work properly, if the computer’s CPU type is not changed (for example, from Intel to AMD). After cloning a Windows 7 to dissimilar hardware, however, a new license key is usually required.
Windows 8 and 10 can run from a USB hard disk, including one holding both the system and boot volumes. In addition, Windows 8, Windows 8 .1 and 10 have a new feature, “Windows to Go”, which allows an installation of Windows 8 on a USB hard disk. However, the feature, Windows to Go, is only available with the Enterprise version of Windows and on Certified Drives. For more information, you can refer to:
In our attempt to make testing and upgrading to Windows 10 as easy as possible for you, the new version of “Lazesoft Recovery Suite” has a new feature, “Install Windows 7/8/10 on one USB hard disk”. The new Lazesoft option can do more things than ‘Windows to Go’. With our new feature, every version of Windows 8/10 can run successfully on USB hard disk. Certified Drives are not required. Any common USB hard disk is good enough. If you list Win 7 on the option, can a user install that version, say on an XP machine? This is not stated very clearly, and might need to be included in several places in this article.

The following is download link of the new beta version of Lazesoft Recovery Suite Home Edition, which allows you to use the new feature, Install Windows 8/8.1/10 on USB disk:

Here are the steps to install a Windows 10 preview on your USB hard disk using “Lazesoft Recovery Suite”. (WARNING, THE DATA ON THE USB HARD DISK WILL BE ERASED. SO, YOU NEED TO BACK UP THE IMPORTANT DATA ON THE USB HARD DISK FIRST)
1. Download a Windows 10 preview ISO file from the page:
2. Mount the downloaded ISO to a new partition on your main hard disk (For example, mount to drive R:\).
3. Download and install the new version of “Lazesoft Recovery Suite”.
5. Launch “Lazesoft Recovery Suite”.
6. Find the button, ‘Install Windows 8/8.1/10 on one USB hard disk’, in the left action panel of Disk Image & Clone module of “Lazesoft Recovery Suite”.
7. For the install of Windows 8/8.1/10 on a USB hard disk, choose the target disk as the USB hard disk.
8. Choose the Windows installation mounted drive, (such as R:\). Sorry, is this drive selected as a ‘source’, where the Win 10 preview was downloaded?
9. Click <Start> and confirm that the hard disk is chosen correctly and begin.
10. Wait for a few minutes to one hour to let “Lazesoft Recovery Suite” to do the installation.
11. After the task of Installing Windows 8/8.1/10 on one USB hard disk is completed, exit “Lazesoft Recovery Suite” and reboot the computer.
12. Set the BIOS to boot from the USB hard disk.
13. After rebooting, complete the wizard for setting up Windows 10 and enjoy Windows 10,  bootable from the USB hard disk.

The video about “install Windows 10 on USB disk” using Lazesoft Recovery Suite.

Lazesoft Recovery Suite v4.0

The Lazesoft Recovery Suite, version 4.0, is our first major revision for this year and we’re looking forward to exciting things to come in 2015! First, we have made improvements in the appearance a functionality of our program, and fixed several small bugs. Beyond that, our product is more powerful and easier to use than ever.


Recovering data or repairing your operating system when Windows does not boot normally, or has crashed, is always a headache for Windows users, even for more experienced administrators, because a crash of the Windows system has many possible causes. Some hazards include; virus infections, sudden power loss, or an unexpected deletion of a partition. MBR or DBR failures can happen unexpectedly. System, boot, BCD or registry files can suddenly disappear or become corrupted. Sometimes users accidentally format a disk drive that contains important files or data.


Different repair methods may be required for each reason for a computer crash. We at Lazesoft have helped many users to fix their computer’s boot problems with many explanations. In our attempts to lead our clients in fixing their computer errors, we have frequently noticed that, sometimes, they have no idea of what might have gone wrong. We are trying to reduce the need for specialized computer training by adding the simplest possible options for repairing a computer.


Some users have tried to fix or rebuild their MBR, when, actually their BCD was corrupted. Some have tried to rebuild the boot sector on their boot partition, but we found that their real problem was the corrupted registry files.


We at Lazesoft decided to design our product so that users can fix many of their computer errors by clicking just one button. Now, they can repair a variety of problems without needing to know about which function or button should be used. We think that will be welcome news for users at all levels of expertise.


In this new version, we added a new major and important feature, One Click Repair, to the Windows Recovery module of Lazesoft Recovery Suite. This feature allows users to click the new <One Fix Repair> button to fix most common boot problems, and it is available now.


Users at all levels of computer experience, from beginner to expert, will find the new option especially valuable, because it is totally reversible. All operations performed by this function can be cancelled and undone, if necessary. Not only does a user not need to understand the reason for many computer breakdowns or know the complicated steps to solve problems, files that have been deleted because of accidents or the effects of malware can be restored automatically with our new program version.


Accidentally formatted data partitions are one of the most common reasons for data loss. If this happens, a user can recover the ‘lost’ files or data with the least computer training and effort. We have redesigned and streamlined the Lazesoft data recovery wizard, especially the ‘Undelete’ and ‘Unformat’ functions. Enhanced options can help new users to recover their data more quickly and easily. Not only that, we have added new data backup and recovery sessions to the program options.


One if the most important improvements in the new Lazesoft Recovery Suite is its ability to back up or clone a user’s operating system, partitions OR entire disk from within the Windows desktop, as well as in boot disk mode. Because backing up and cloning system volume/disk are often daily operations. The new version of Lazesoft Recovery Suite can back up or clone system volume/disk on a running Windows desktop, with no rebooting of the computer needed.


You can rely on the people at Lazesoft to work hard to make our Lazesoft Recovery Suite as streamlined and efficient as possible!


In the new version of Lazesoft Recovery Suite, many features have been added and improved. The following are the new features of Lazesoft Recovery Suite 4.0:

One Button Click to Repair the crashed Windows system

To Clone the system disk of the running Windows

To Back up the system disk of the running Windows

To Rebuild/Repair the Boot Menu

To Rebuild/Repair the BCD file

To Rebuild/Repair the Boot.ini file

Disk wiping

Viewing Partition Properties

Viewing Disk Layout in Map

To Back up Data Recovery Session

To Restore Data Recovery Session

Enhanced Undelete data recovery

Enhanced Unformat data recovery

Enhanced guides for resetting Windows Live ID user account password

To Back up the MBR(Master Boot Record)

To Restore the MBR(Master Boot Record)

To Back up the Boot Sector of the system volume

To Restore the Boot Sector of the system volume

To Check file system errors and disk failures of partitions

To Check the bad sectors of disks

To Rebuild the MBR(Master Boot Record)

To Rebuild the Boot Sector of the system volume

To Build Bootable USB Hard Disk

To Detach VHD disk

Minor bug fixes

Fix the error 0x00000024

I have a Dell Laptop which is running ATI graphics with Intel processor and 4GB RAM. When I am trying to reboot the computer as usual this morning, the screen will become black and then I will get the following error that says:

Windows failed to start. A recent hardware or software change might be the cause. To fix the problem:

  1. Insert your Windows installation disc and restart your computer.
  2. Choose your language settings, and then click “Next.”
  3. Click “Repair your computer.”


If you do not have this disc, contact your system administrator or computer manufacturer for assistance.


Status: 0xc000000225

Info: An unexpected error has occurred.


The boot 0x0000225 is related to the BCD file, not the MBR:

  1. The Windows Boot Manager (Bootmgr) entry is not present in the Boot Configuration Data (BCD) store.
  2. The Boot\BCD file on the active partition is damaged or missing.


Similar problem is:

File: \Boot\BCD

Status: 0xc0000034

Info: The Windows Boot Configuration Data file is missing required information


To fix the boot error 0x0000225, you can do the steps as guides in the error screen:

Insert your Windows installation disc and restart your computer to repair the error.


Nowadays, the computer manufacturers normally do not provide Windows installation disc for the laptop customers. Our freeware, Lazesoft Recovery Suite Home Edition can assist you to make a Lazesoft Rescue disk to solve the problem.


If you have Windows installation disc and tried Windows installation disc to fix, but the Windows installation disc did not fixed the problem, you can also try our all-in-one freeware Lazesoft Recovery Suite Home Edition to fix the problem. Lazesoft boot disk is very powerful and easy-to-use.


The following are the steps to use new version of Lazesoft Recovery Suite or Lazesoft Windows Recovery to fix the error 0x0000225:

  1. Download the new version of Lazesoft Recovery Suite.
  2. Uninstall the old version of Lazesoft Recovery Suite.
  3. Set it up and run the new version setup file to build a new Lazesoft boot disk.
  4. Reboot your locked computer from the Lazesoft boot disk.
  5. Click <Windows Recovery> on the Lazesoft Recovery Suite boot disk, and select the Windows installation you want to repair.
  6. Click <One Click Repair> to fix the problem. The <One Click Repair> will automatically do many intelligently check and repair processes, includes backing up the old BCD file and then rebuilding and fixing the BCD file.
  7. After fixing, reboot your computer to see the repair results.

Reset the forgot password when you do not have a Windows password reset disc

On Windows 7, 8 and Windows 8.1, you can create a password reset disk. If you forget your Windows password, you can use the created password reset disk to create a new one. It is recommended to create a password reset disk when you create/change your password.


The following are the steps to create a password reset disk

  1. Insert your removable media. (a USB flash drive or writable CD/DVD)
  2. Open User Accounts by clicking the Start button Picture of the Start button, clicking Control Panel, clicking User Accounts and Family Safety, and then clicking User Accounts.
  3. In the left pane, click Create a password reset disk, and then follow the instructions. Make sure you store the password reset disk in a safe place.


However, many people face the situation, when they try to log in their Windows, they forgot the password. They don’t lose access to your files and information. But, it seems they only have two options: input the right password or insert a password reset disk.


If you are facing the situation and the password reset disk was not created before, what can you do to solve the problem?


Actually, there is another option to solve the problem. You can create a Lazesoft boot disk and then use the Lazesoft boot disk to solve the problem. Let me try to figure out the problem step by step.

At first, please make sure your locked computer boot from the Lazesoft boot disk.

  1. Insert the Lazesoft boot disk into your locked computer.
  2. Reboot the computer and pressing the boot menu key, F12, F2, Esc. (Please find the boot menu key from the BIOS booting screen.
  3. Then you should see a boot menu, which has an item to boot from the CD/DVD.
  4. Selecting the booting from CD/DVD item and pressing Enter.
  5. After that, you will see a Lazesoft boot menu, which has two items: (Lazesoft Live CD and Windows Memory Diagnostic).
  6. Selecting boot menu <Lazesoft Live CD>, the Lazesoft Recovery Suite will be loaded a few minutes. You will see the main window of Lazesoft Recovery Suite.
  7. Click <Password Recovery> and follow the wizard to reset the password which you forgot.


Lazesoft Recovery Suite has many useful tools for administrators. Lazesoft Recovery Suite boot disk is useful and will be useful for your work.

Load ACHI/RAID drivers for Intel® Rapid Storage Technology enterprise (Intel® RSTe)

Intel® Rapid Storage Technology (Intel® RST) is used popular for personal computer, desktop and laptops. Intel® Rapid Storage Technology (Intel® RST) is used commonly for business computer, workstations and servers.


When you need to load drivers for your Intel® Rapid Storage Technology enterprise (Intel® RSTe), please BESURE THAT you are not loading drivers for Intel® Rapid Storage Technology (Intel® RST). Intel RSTe is totally different than Intel RST.


Intel® RSTe can support platforms based on Intel® C600 series chipset configured in RAID-Ready mode. Intel® Rapid Storage Technology enterprise (Intel® RSTe) is used in workstations or servers such as Lenovo thinkstation S30, HP z420.


For example, your computer is Lenovo thinkstation S30 type M/T-M-0606-5R4, the possible hard disks:

0606-11U E5-1620 1600MHz RDIMM 2x2GB No SATA 1x2TB 3.5″ SATA Media DVD±RW 1xQuadro 2000 Global No Pro 64

0606-12U E5-1650 1600MHz RDIMM 2x2GB No SATA 1x2TB 3.5″ SATA Media DVD±RW 1xQuadro 2000 Global No Pro 64

0606-13U E5-1650 1600MHz RDIMM 2x4GB No SATA 1x2TB 3.5″ SATA Media DVD±RW 1xQuadro 2000 Global No Pro 64

0606-14U E5-2620 1333MHz UDIMM 1x4GB No SATA 1x500GB 3.5″ SATA Media DVD±RW 1xQuadro 600 Global No Pro 64

0606-15U E5-2620 1333MHz UDIMM 1x4GB No SAS 1x300GB 2.5″ SAS Media DVD±RW 1xQuadro 600 Global No Pro 64

0606-16U E5-1620 1333MHz UDIMM 4x2GB No SATA 1x1TB 3.5″ SATA Media DVD±RW 1xQuadro 2000 Global No Pro 64

0606-17U E5-1620 1333MHz UDIMM 2x4GB No SATA 1 2x500GB 3.5″ SATA Media DVD±RW 1xQuadro 400 Global No Pro 64

0606-18U E5-1620 1333MHz UDIMM 3x4GB No SATA 1 2x500GB 3.5″ SATA Media DVD±RW 1xQuadro 600 1394 Global No Pro 64


To load RAID drivers for this computer, the following are the steps:

  1. At first, you need to prepare a 64 bit Lazesoft boot disk and download drivers for Intel RSTe.
  2. Download and run the newest version of Lazesoft Recovery Suite.
  3. Run <Burn CD/USB disk> wizard, please select Windows 7 64 bit as target Windows version on the welcome page of Lazesoft Media Builder to create a 64 bit Lazesoft boot disk.
  4. Then drivers for Intel RSTe can be downloaded from Intel official website,
  5. After downloading the Intel driver package, decompress it to get a 64 bit driver folder, RSTe_and_AHCI_Drivers_GUI_CIM_CLI_3.8.0.1111_2013.10.03 \Drivers\x64\SCU.
  6. Copy the folder, RSTe_and_AHCI_Drivers_GUI_CIM_CLI_3.8.0.1111_2013.10.03 \Drivers\x64\SCU, into the USB disk and insert the disk to your locked computer.
  7. Use Lazesoft boot disk to load RAID drivers for your computer.
  8. Rebooting your computer from Lazesoft 64 bit boot disk.
  9. After Lazesoft Recovery Suite is launched, click <Load drivers> button on the home page to load the drive installation file iaStorS.inf.
  10. Then RAID disk should be listed after loading the drivers for Intel RSTe.

How to run Microsoft WinPE commands

Microsoft provides many WinPE useful tools to fix a Windows computer. The following are the steps how to run Microsoft WinPE commands.


There are two ways to run Microsoft WinPE commands. One way is to run Microsoft WinPE commands from Windows installation DVD (only available on Windows Vista and above installation DVD). Another way is to run Microsoft WinPE commands from Lazesoft boot disk.


lazesoft media builder select target WinPE boot disk version

lazesoft media builder select target WinPE boot disk version

To run Microsoft WinPE commands from Lazesoft boot disk:

  1. Download and install the newest version of freeware Lazesoft Recovery Suite Home Edition.
  2. After launching Lazesoft Recovery Suite Home Edition, then click <Burn CD/USB disk>.
  3. Select the Windows version which you want to fix on the Lazesoft Media Builder home page.
  4. Follow the Lazesoft Media Builder wizard to burn a Lazesoft boot CD/DVD/USB flash disk.
  5. Reboot your laptop/server/desktop computer from the new burned Lazesoft boot disk.
  6. Choose <Windows Recovery> module on the boot disk.
  7. Select your Windows installation.
  8. Click <Repair Tools> tab and then click <Command Prompt> to launch Command Console.
  9. You can run the following commands from the launched Command Console:

arp: The TCP/IP address resolution protocol maps between MAC and IP addresses

assoc: Manage associations between file extensions and file types/applications

bcdedit: Manipulate Windows Vista Boot Configuration Data store

bootcfg: Enables users to manage contents of the boot.ini file (Vista uses BCD but maps to boot.ini)

cd: Change/list directory command

chkdsk: Checks layout and structure of Windows disks, with some repair capability

chknfts: Checks layout and structure of NTFS volumes at boot time

cls: Clears the command window

color: Lets users set foreground (text) and background color in the command window

copy: File copy command

date: View or set today’s date

del: File delete command

dir: List directory contents

diskpart: Create, modify, and manage disk partitions at the command line

doskey: Command line editing, recall, and macro definition tool

echo: Repeats input text verbatim

endlocal: Ends localization of variables in a batch environment

erase: Deletes one or more files

exit: Closes command window environment (reboots WinPE, closes WinRE command window)

find: Search for input text string in one or more target files

format: Format hard disk, UFD, or floppy disk

ftp: Invoke command line File Transfer Protocol client services

ftype: Use to display filetypes or to manipulate files by type

ipconfig: Display or manage Windows TCP/IP configuration

md: Make new directory (same as mkdir which is not listed here but works)

more: Manages screen output in screen-size chunks

mountvol: List, create, or delete a volume mount point

move : Move files, renames files and directories

net: A whole family of network service and function controls

netsh: Another whole family of network service and function controls

nbtstat: Display statistics related to NetBIOS over TCP/IP traffic on the network

netstat: Display general TCP and UDP connections, port assignments, and activities

path: Show or manipulate contents of the Windows path variable

pathping: Send an orderly sequence of PING commands to all nodes on a network path

ping: Send an ICMP echo request to some target address to assess reachability and response time

popd: Changes to directory specified in the pushd command (command extensions must be enabled)

print: Provides access to print services from the command line

prompt: Changes command prompt shown in the command window to solicit input (command extensions must be enabled)

pushd: store desired directory target for popd (command extensions must be enabled)

recover: recover readable data from a damaged or defective disk drive

reg: command line registry editing/inspection tool

regedit: Both WinRE and WinPE will open the built-in Windows Registry Editor

regsvr32: use to register or unregister OLE and ActiveX controls, important for troubleshooting

rem: inserts a text comment into a batch or script file

ren: same as rename; use to rename files or directories

replace: replace one or more files in a source directory from a target directory

rmdir: delete directory (also rd)

robocopy: robust file copy for Windows offers wide range of copy controls/checks

route: inspect and manage the contents of TCP/IP static routing table

rundll32: manages relationships between DLLs and devices on a PC; important troubleshooting tool

set: inspect, add, alter, or delete global environment variables

setlocal: inspect, add, alter, or delete local environment variables

sfc: system file checker; use with /verifyonly to check Windows OS files

start: opens a separate window to run a program or command

subst: use to associate a path with a virtual drive letter

time: view or set current time

title: sets title for command window

tracert: traces all routers between sending and target Internet hosts

type: writes contents of target file to command window display

ver: displays Windows version in use

verify: verifies accuracy of file copies upon completion

vol: display or alter disk/volume name

xcopy: tool for copying multiple files and entire directory structures